WHAT IS RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS DISEASE?
Rheumatoid is a long term autoimmune disease. The body experiences inflammation, pain and swelling around the joints and other parts of the body. Generally, Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) affects the hand and feet areas but it can happen in any joint of the body. Usually, it targets the same joints on both sides. The patient experiences the pain especially upon getting up in the morning or after sitting down for a while. Some patients even experience fatigue. The research revealed that up to 1% of the world’s population is affected by RA. The patients suffering due to RA is estimated to be 1.3 million.
RA is a sy ic disease that affects the whole body. Being an auto-immune disease, it occurs when the patient’s immune sy mistakenly attacks the body’s healthy tissues. When the immune sy responds, inflammation occurs in the target part of the body. In the case of RA, the targeted area can be the lungs, heart, joints, and eyes.
Rheumatoid arthritis is different from osteoarthritis. In the case of RA, the lining of your joints are affected which causes painful swelling. Eventually, this results in bone erosion and joint deformity.
The inflammation generated through RA damages other parts of the body. It’s important to recognize the symptoms of severe Rheumatoid arthritis before it leads to any physical disability.
RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS SYMPTOMS
- Stiffness, Swelling, and pain in joints
- Joint deformity
- Unsteadiness while walking
- Discomfort in performing daily activities
- Weight Loss
The symptoms can be severe, mild or completely disappear. The RA symptoms tend to come and go depending on the severity of the problem.
HOW DOES THE IMMUNE SY MALFUNCTIONS?
Rheumatoid arthritis develops in people due to the malfunctioning of the immune sy . There are multiple reasons that lead to this malfunctioning. One of them could be genetic factors that make it more likely to develop this disease. The other theory is that certain bacteria or a virus causes RA.In this condition, the body’s immune sy attacks the synovium part (the smooth lining of the joint). This triggers pain and inflammation. If left untreated the synovium thickens and destroys the cartilage ( the cushion at the end of the bones).
HIGHER RISK OF DEVELOPING RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS DISEASE
The people who are more prone to develop RA disease are as follows:
- People aged 60 years or above
- Never delivered a baby
- Passive smoking
WHEN TO CONSULT A DOCTOR?
It’s important to consult a doctor at the initial stage. Early diagnosis and treatment are important to slow the progression of the disease. The doctor will examine the clinical signs of inflammation to assess the severity of the condition. RA is a painful and chronic condition that makes it difficult for the person to perform daily tasks. Anyone who experiences the symptoms of RA should see a doctor immediately to reduce the risk of long term problems. has been shown in studies and in clinical practice to reduce symptoms of inflammation and pain associated with RA.